TRO for Evaluation of DCA

Terms of Reference Final Evaluation of CWCC Projects  in Phnom Penh and Banteay Meanchey Province

  1. I. Introduction

Cambodia has one the lowest levels of gender equality in Asia as measured by the Gender Equity Index (2011) at 0.473[1], indicating a significant loss of potential human development. Social attitudes and tradition place women at lower status compared to men. The consequences of this are significant gender inequalities in access to: higher education, public services and employment paying a living wage and low representation in decision-making.[2] This inequality is the foundation for vulnerability to gender based violence, particularly domestic violence, sexual assault and trafficking.

In response, CWCC has focused its interventions and services on alleviating violence and empowering survivors, particularly in the areas of domestic violence, sexual abuse and exploitation, trafficking in women and children, and equal access to education for girls. The mission of the organisation is to empower women and girls to claim their universal human rights to personal security and to equal participation in community, civil, economic, social and cultural life.  The overall aim of the organisation is to contribute to the empowerment of vulnerable women and girls through protection, prevention and advocacy in order to promote a peaceful, gender equitable and compassionate society.

The work of CWCC includes shelters in Phnom Penh and the provinces of Banteay Meanchey (1999) and Siem Reap (2001). CWCC has also developed its capacity in legal protection, community education and organization, anger management interventions for men, stimulating economic empowerment through skills training and small business loans, and advocacy work at both the national and international level. To support this work Danish Church Aid (DCA) has provided USD$169,414 (January 2012 to December 2013) for the  implementation of a range of projects and programmes in Phnom Penh and Banteay Meanchey Province, to contribute to right-based empowerment of vulnerable women and girls through protection, prevention and advocacy.

The support from DCA ensured that CWCC could provide protection for survivors of gender-based violence; especially those sexually and domestically abused and trafficked, through legal, psychological, social and shelter services. The project staff advocated for the enforcement of current gender based violence laws (e.g. anti-trafficking, domestic violence, and civil code, etc.) by strengthening the collaboration with partnering Ministries (e.g. MoWA, MoSVY, MoI, and MoJ) and sub national authorities.  In addition raising of awareness for protection and prevention of gender based violence and inequality was undertaken by training of a network of volunteer members such as community members, Police, commune councils, peer educators, and duty-bearers.

To assess the impact of the CWCC Projects in Phnom Penh and Banteay Meanchey Province and to draw up lessons learned for future implementation an external evaluation shall be conducted by an External Consultant.

2. Evaluation Objective

The overall objective of the evaluation of the CWCC Projects in Phnom Penh and Banteay Meanchey Province is to assess the impact, how the projects have achieved the strategic objectives of CWCC, contributed to right-based empowerment of vulnerable women and girls through protection, prevention and advocacy in order to promote a peaceful, gender-equitable and compassionate society.

Recent Project Evaluations of the Anger Management for Men (AMM) and Safe Migration and Reduction of Trafficking (SMART) Projects have comprehensively assessed objectives in regard to addressing men’s abusive behavior and safe migration and trafficking so these objectives will be excluded from the overall evaluation of CWCC Projects.

The final report will be made available to donors and will guide future implementation of similar projects.

The specific objectives of the evaluation are as follows:

  1. To measure outcomes/achievements of CWCC’s programming against stated objectivesTo identify and explore the achievements of CWCC Projects in Phnom Penh and Banteay Meanchey
  2. To identify, examine and analyze the gaps/challenges of the Projects in relation to the context of gender based violence in the target areas
  3. To measure the outcome of advocacy undertaken by CWCC, including the effectiveness of advocacy approaches
  4. To identify emerging specific issues to advocate for addressing the gender based violence at in target areas as well as at national level
  5. To provide recommendations on areas of focus and advocacy strategies for the implementation of future projects to address gender based violence.

The key areas to be assessed are:

  • Efficiency
  • Effectiveness
  • Impact
  • Sustainability
  • Relevance
  • Lessons learned

3.  Scope of Work

The external consultant is required to lead the evaluation with support from CWCC’s project staff. The consultant will be responsible to design the evaluation including literature review, visit staff based in Phnom Penh and regional staff in Banteay Meanchey to conduct interviews with those most aware about the project, conduct field visits to selected villages in the target areas, organize a workshop to present preliminary findings and recommendations and prepare draft and final reports of the evaluation. The Scope of the Work for the consultant is summarized below:

  • Review background documents provided by CWCC
  • Consult with relevant CWCC staff to develop the methodology for  shape the evaluation
  • Consult with staff, community and other relevant stakeholders to make a thorough assessment in accordance with the parameters listed above
  • Conduct field assessment in at least 5 selected target villages in Phnom Penh and 5 villages in Banteay Mean Chey to respond to the above stated objectives
  • Conducting a workshop to share findings of the study to all relevant CWCC staff and stakeholders for getting input to develop final report
  • Provide a draft report for comment
  • Submit a final report

Geographical Coverage: The Evaluation should conduct fieldwork, choosing representative communities within the Project target locations of Phnom Penh & Banteay Meanchey.

Target Group: Direct beneficiaries including survivors who have received psycho-social and legal services and been reintegrated into the community of their choice, individuals and groups who participate in community awareness raising, and Network members including duty bearers, Police, local authorities, Commune Councils and other stakeholders who are responsible for preventing and responding to gender based violence.

4. Methodology

The study should be conducted by using participatory methods in order to take into account the views of those who are most familiar with CWCC project and to ensure active involvement of all stakeholders.

The Evaluation is an opportunity for target communities and other stakeholders to learn about the project impact. The Evaluation is considered a shared activity with communities therefore systems to disseminate the findings and conclusions with all stakeholders, including community members should be identified and agreed in the Evaluation planning.

CWCC will provide the necessary documents related to the evaluation and handle all arrangement related to the consultancy.

5. Research ethics

Fundamental principles of ethical research must be adhered to, for example, transparency, cost-effectiveness and collaboration with beneficiaries. Ethical practices expected of the evaluator include: confidentiality of data, anonymity of responses and respectful communication.

6. Evaluation Team

The evaluation will be supervised by CWCC’s Executive Director/Program Manager while the evaluation team consists of the following members:

1.  The external consultant who is the Evaluation Team Leader

2.  Regional Managers in Phnom Penh and Banteay Mean Chey as Team Coordinator

Role of the Team Leader

To lead the Evaluation Team based on agreed activities, facilitate a participatory evaluation processes, including designing questionnaire, conducting data collection, analysis and findings, lead the dissemination workshop, discussions and writing of the draft and then final Evaluation Report.

Role of Team Coordinator

To coordinate all arrangements and facilitate access to people and information in project areas as required by the Team Leader and cooperatively contribute as a team member towards the objectives of the Evaluation. This includes providing written inputs, analysis and recommendations as entrusted by the Team Leader.


[1] Human Development Indicators (2011), UNDP http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/KHM.html

[2] Human Development Indicators (2011), UNDP http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/KHM.html